Abstract:

Haiti’s environment has been in crisis for decades. The Haitian government has incorporated sustainable use of natural resources, environmental conservation and natural disaster risk reduction into every aspect of the nation’s official development plans in recent years. Why then, has there been no large-scale environmental work done at an institutional level? The answer lies in Haiti’s complicated relationship with the international community, and its heavy reliance on foreign aid. Using mechanisms such as conditions and sectoral funding, donors are able to influence the Haitian government to promote their own development plans, and their own political agendas. By operating within a cycle of blame, disasters and foreign aid, the international community has contributed to the destruction of the Haitian environment. As a result, the impact of natural disasters is more severe in Haiti than in nearby countries. The January 12 earthquake has been declared the worst natural disaster in human history, with up to 300,000 deaths and damages totaling 120% of Haiti’s GDP. Only by understanding the dynamics of foreign aid can donors be most effective in helping Haiti rebuild and in reducing the impact of natural disasters in the future.

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